Phone: +36 74 490 558
Mobile: +36 20 576 41 30
Arts and crafts
Dr. Lehel Péterné
Master of folk art
Phone: + 36 74 490 064
Mobile: +36 30 272 46 49
Before the harnessing of river Danube local people’s style of living was determinate by river Danube, ’Sarviz’ – wetland, river Bata and the high up of streams at the wold. River Danube ranged through the whole land and was often out of bounds. (In these days you still can find old watercourses, dead channels and ponds there). The landscape was full with wild streams especially competent in fishing. The main subsistence was fishing for the Natives of Bata for centuries. Olden fishermen inhabitants lived in simple, three parts distributed houses (front house, kitchen with chimney-hole and backward house). Thatched, span-roofed, mud- and soil-walled houses were built to the front street and were fenced by pales and wattles.
The building of the Fishing house (house of fishing & fisher folk) five decades older than the house of popular customs and local traditions and the most perfect spot for introducing villagers life, all those who lived on fishing. It homes also the permanent exhibition of fishing. The last inhabitant of the building was Mrs. Kriskó Imréné, maiden name: Takaró Erzsébet who devolved the estate upon her husband and his parents were roustabouts without any serious acreage.
The tiled roof perpendicular to the street and there is only one window on its ornamentation free frontage. The pent-roof shouldered by plain, cylindrical capitals of the mudded walled, packed soiled flooring house. From the courtyard we can enter to the kitchen, which has only one tiny window to the farm yard. Opposite of the inlet, on the potter’s lathe there are crocks, cauldrons and saucepans in line. On the kitchen’s wall you can see some plates, a colander, a sourdough maker hod, a pottery and a paraffine lamp. Around the wall-seat there are also some potteries, shells, saucepans, tripods and a fishing basket with a scale in it. The slot of the ‘witch’ oven also fronts here. At the left side of the kitchen we can enter to the front house, which was used as living-room by parentage, cause of numerous members of the family in former times. At penniless families daughter- and son-in-laws also lived together in this room, cause of indigence. Beside the wall you can find beds covered with red fabric and a tiny bench, called ‘ringo’ in Hungarian, where the cradle was placed for infants of the family. Beside the window there is a marriage portion chest and at the other side of the room you can find a dining-bench, a table and above a shelf, where plates, jugs and pitchers were placed. Mirror and holly pictures hanged on the wall. There is another room at your right side, the balked backward house, which is also a living-room. Beside its door there is a wash-bowl on the stool and a linen towel on the door-port. Opposite the door, beside the wall there is a bench from 1873 and a desk with a huge drawer where the bread had been stored in the days of long-ago. Beside the bench, you can also find a bed, covered with red fabric and a blanket-covered plank-bed, which was there for case of necessity. At the corner of the room you can see the oven and a cooking-stove. Beside the fire-place there is a bread kneader and a playpen for toddlers. On the jamb there are also some accessories for fishnet making and an engaged fishnet. The furnishing of a fisher’s house was much more penurious than the furnishing of a farmer’s house, because the ownership of the fishponds and crawls not belonged to any fishermen and fishermen were not even co-users, they were only sharecroppers on the rivers.
Inhabitants of Bata village were ’petit tools’ fishers, where ’petit tools’ doesn’t shows the size of their tools, it means only that fishers doesn’t need a whole team for fishing / using their tools, because ‘petit tools’ were designed for one or two person and their carrying capacity. The main tool of a ‘petit tools’ fisher was the trawler, which had been placed to the bottom of the river (river Danube) at rise of the tide, to the flood-basin. Trawler was a fish trap with centred deflector, made of mesh and hanged on loops. Hungarian ‘kece’ also was a beloved fishing tool. ‘Kece’, is a fishnet with 3 different layers attached to an A-shaped frame, with horse- and hart crossbones fixed to its bottom, which ones help to sweep fishes out of the river bed. This tool used especially at autumns and winters at river Danube, where the fisherman was standing in his trawler (trawl-boat), rowing by one hand and keeping the ‘kece’ in his other by the assistance of a long rope. There were two other tools, ‘kukucska’ and ‘balindhalo’, which ones were used by fishers and kept in stock. There was also a round shaped ‘throwing mesh’, weighted with lead, which definitely demanded skills of a fisher. Other tools (eg.: ‘villing’, ‘pirittyhalo’, ‘nyomo’, ‘tapogato’, ‘emecso’) were unimportant, used very rarely by fishers and for catching very small amount of fishes. There were also two tools (‘nagyhalo’ and ‘balin halo’, they wasn’t ‘petit tools’, they need a team (more people) at the same time. ‘Szapu’, ‘csaklya’ and fish-forks, ice picks, oars also were important tools for fishers and they take fishes home by flat-boats. All these accessories and tools are on view at an exhibition, in our tool-shed of fishing house (House of fishing & fisher folk) where you can see contemporary photos and pictures about fishing.
At the court of the fishing house, under the willow there is also a fishing-hut, a flat-boat (punt) and an apiary. ‘The small cottage’ or the summer kitchen is a separate building where the bread-baking oven has been placed. The fishing house separated from the main street fenced by pales and wattles.
Administrator: Janos Takaro © Email: email@example.com